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  • Input Hanzi, search for Pengim, e.g. ,
    Input Pengim, search for Hanzi, e.g. dio, ziu

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    Tones and Tone Sandhi

    There are 8 tones in Teochew, the tone values are listed as follows.

    Name Yin Ping Yin Shang Yin Qu Yin Ru Yang Ping Yang Shang Yang Qu Yang Ru
    Example 詩 (si1) 死 (si2) 世 (si3) 薛 (sih4) 時 (si5) 是 (si6) 示 (si7) 蝕 (sih8)
    Mark 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
    Value 33 53 213 2 55 35 11 5

    Tone Sandhi

    In words that are constituted of 2 characters, the initial character generally undergoes tone sandhi (tone change), while the final character's tone remains unchanged.

    For instance, the two characters in the word "日頭 (sun)" are read as [zig8] - [tao8] individually. However, when they are compounded into one word, the word is read as [zig(4) tao8]. If a word is constituted of more than 2 characters, then every but the last undergoes tone sandhi.

    The exact patterns of the initial character's tone sandhi depend on the final character, as listed below:

    Orig. Tone of Init. Char.
    Orig. Tone of Final Char.
    (1)
    33
    (2)
    53
    (3)
    213
    (4)
    2
    (5)
    55
    (6)
    35
    (7)
    11
    (8)
    5
    (2) 53 33 35 53 5 11 21 11 2
    (5) 55
    (8) 5
    (1) 33 24 42 3
    (3) 213
    (4) 2
    (6) 35
    (7) 11

    For the convenience of denoting changed tones, the above table is simplified as below. The changed tones are denoted using the marks/values of original 8 tones, and are marked inside brackets.

    Original Tone (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
    Changed Tone 1 6 2 8 7 7 7 4

    Table of Tone Sandhi

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